Stepping-Stone: Parashat Vayetze

Parashat Vayetze
Genesis 28:10-32:3

“Rabbi Tarfon had a mother and, whenever she wished to go up onto her bed, he would bend down and raise her up [to the bed].  And, whenever she wished to go down off the bed, he would lie down and she would step down upon him.” (BTQiddushin 31b)

This is just one of many stories told in the Talmud about the lengths that some sages went to so as to treat their parents with honor – to serve them, cater to their needs, and to make their lives a little easier. That topic is broad and deep, but not for our consideration right now. Rather, it is the image of Rabbi Tarfon on the  floor that I wish to contemplate. He treats his mother well, not merely by making sure she has good clothes, food and shelter. (We know that Rabbi Tarfon was very wealthy.) Rather, he assists her thorough his own body. He lies on the floor and seeks to be a footstool for his mother in order for her to get into bed or out of bed more easily. She steps on his large, soft body (for we know that Rabbi Tarfon was a man of substantial girth) in order to elevate herself onto the bed or in order to then step on the hard, cold floor. Rabbi Tarfon is a stepping-stone and a cushion to serve his mother.
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Loving Touch: Parashat Toldot


Parashat Toldot
Genesis 26:19-26:5

“Perhaps my father will hold me to feel me …?” (Gen. 27:12)

Jacob imagines that his father will wish to touch him and feel his limbs. Why?

During these days of isolation and quarantine we are permitted to read this story – of Jacob’ obtaining his father’s blessing through subterfuge – with a heightened appreciation for its tactile elements. We usually read Isaac’s actions as gropings to dispel his doubts. And we are accustomed to following the stages of the preparations that Rebecca and Jacob perform as completely focused on fooling Isaac, so that he will not guess Jacob’s true identity when he bestows the blessing on his son. But we should pay more attention to Isaac’s own preparations as he readies himself to give over that blessing. Continue reading

Listen to Me: Parashat Chayei Sarah


Parashat Hayyei Sarah
Genesis 23:1-25:18

Our Torah portion opens with the death of Sarah and with Abraham’s efforts to bring her to burial. To do this he must enter into negotiations with the local people, the Hittites, so as to acquire a plot of land in which to inter Sarah. Readers have noticed that the Torah is very terse in reporting Abraham’s emotional expressions regarding his loss. But it goes to much greater length to detail the in’s-and-out’s of the negotiation for the land. (See a discussion on this issue in my article on a text of the Zohar on this story:

What is the point of relating all the details of this business transaction? We may derive some insight by paying attention to at least one of those details. After Abraham starts the conversation by asking to buy a burial plot, the Hittites respond: “Listen to us, master…” (Gen. 23:6) By themselves these words are unremarkable. But they set up a recurring motif in the discussion. Abraham’s response includes: “Listen to me…” (v. 8) Then Efron, the potential seller, begins his words by saying, “No, my master, listen to me…” (v. 11) Then, again, he says: “But you, please, if you would but listen to me…” (v. 13) and “My master, listen to me…” (v. 15) Finally, the Torah reports: “And Abraham listened to Efron…” (v. 16)
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Standing: Parashat Vayera


Parashat Vayera
Genesis 18:1-22:24

“You distinguished the human from the start. And You noticed them so that they might stand before You.” These are words from the Neilah prayers, recited as Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, draws to a close. It seeks to express the mystery of human importance, despite our puny weaknesses. In the greater scheme of things we should be counted as insignificant. But we are not. We are distinguished. God has turned to “recognize” us, to single us out as fitting interlocutors with the Divine.
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Being Heard: Parashat Lekh L’kha



Parashat Lekh L’kha 
Genesis 12:1-17:27

The story of Abraham and Sarah unfolds with twists and turns. The Sages called such moments “trials.” They are moments of challenge that call upon the person put to trial to have special strength and discernment in order to meet the test. One challenging situation for the first Matriarch and Patriarch involved the maidservant, Hagar. The multiple aspects of this story have, themselves, challenged readers throughout time. This brief discussion will not be able to sort through the story in its entirety, but seeks to consider only one small aspect of the tale. Continue reading

All Humanity, for All Time: Parashat Noach

Parashat No`ah 
Genesis 6:9-11:32

The story of Noah is the story of a new beginning – brought about by the crashing ending of the first beginning. Everything that God began – the entire world – is destroyed out of God’s disgust with its corruption. A new beginning starts with Noah emerging from the ark.
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Be Fruitful and Increase: Parashat V’zot Ha-b’rakhah/Bereshit


Parashat V’zot Ha-b’rakhah/Bereshit
Deuteronomy 33:1-34:12
Genesis 1:1-6:8 

The Torah ends with blessing – v’zot ha-b’rakhah, Moses’ very last words of blessing to the tribes of Israel – and it also begins with blessing – almost.

Actually, the first four days of Creation pass by without any mention of this action or state of being.  Nothing is blessed on those day. It is only on the fifth day of Creation that we first encounter blessing. Then God blesses all the creatures brought into being on that day, the fish in the seas and the birds of the skies. God says, “Be fruitful and multiply!” (Gen. 1:22) And then blessing is found in the sixth day, as well. God blesses the newly created human beings with the same blessing of fruitfulness. Continue reading

Moving Forward: Sukkot/Sh’mini Atzeret/Simhat Torah


Sukkot/Sh’mini Atzeret/Simhat Torah
Leviticus 22:26-23:44
Numbers 29:12-16

The festival of Sukkot is called “the Season of our Rejoicing – z’man simhateinu.” What is the cause – the source – of our rejoicing? What are we supposed to be happy about?

As I have explained on numerous occasions, this description of Sukkot parallels but is also different from the descriptions we have assigned to the other two pilgrimage festivals, Passover and Shavuot.  Sukkot does not commemorate a specific occurrence such as the Exodus (Passover is z’man herutenu – the Time of Our Freedom) or the Giving of the Torah (Shavuot is z’man matan Toratenu – the  Time of the Giving of Our Torah).

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