Times Have Changed


A thoughtful Jew is always challenged to hold multiple thoughts and perspectives in mind simultaneously. As I have discussed before (see “Easy Livin’,” Kol Emunah Summer, 2012) our modern experience of summer is contradictory. The summer is the time of trips to the shore (- “beach” in my language), going to camp or just sleeping late. It is a time of barbecues and parties. But, in traditional Jewish culture it is the time of the Three Weeks, a period spanning from the 17th of Tammuz through the 9th of Av (Tisha B’Av). And during those three weeks partying is not done. By the week of Tisha B’Av meat is avoided. Why the contradiction?

Continue reading

Shomrei Presents Plaque to Central Presbyterian

(L-R) Rabbi David Greenstein, Mike Byrnes, Fern Heinig and Pastor Dr. David Noble

(L-R) Rabbi David Greenstein, Mike Byrnes, Fern Heinig and Pastor Dr. David Noble

Rabbi David Greenstein & President Fern Heinig of Congregation Shomrei Emunah present a plaque to Mike Byrnes (Building Manager) and Pastor Dr. David Noble of Central Presbyterian Church of Montclair.

The plaque gives lasting expression to our feelings of thanks. It reads:

Congregation Shomrei Emunah Gathered Here – January-April 2018 – With Gratitude; “For My home shall be called a house of prayer for all peoples” (Isaiah 56:7).

Shomrei has been blessed to have such wonderful neighbors. The plaque will join other plaques that grace the walls of Central, given by other groups who have benefited from the gracious generosity of Central Presbyterian Church throughout the years. We look forward to building a continuing relationship between our two communities in the future.

Editor’s Note: For many weeks after the burst pipe and ensuing reconstruction, Central Presbyterian hosted Shomrei’s services and other events without charge.


For the Love of Life

praying cropped

Over these many months I have offered a treatment of the blessings that comprise the Amidah, the standing prayer that is central to all our services. Having concluded discussing them, we now reach the coda that closes the Amidah recitation. That coda was originally unscripted. It was the place that was devoted to personal, spontaneous prayer. It is here that the contrast between the collective and the individual,, the public and the private presents itself with force. (I have written about this issue before – see my columns in Kol Emunah for April 2014 and May, 2014)

Continue reading

And The One Who Does Not Want to Ask

Asylum seekers demonstrating in Jerusalem against their forced deportation from Israel, Courtesy Haaretz

Asylum seekers demonstrating in Jerusalem against their forced deportation from Israel (photo credit: Emil Salman, Haaretz)

I am putting aside the column I had originally intended for this month because I believe it is important to write about a dramatic development just unfolding: The Israeli government has just announced that it is not going through with what they have been planning for some time –  to expel almost 40,000 refugees who have made their way from Africa to Israel in search of safety. Instead, about half the refugees will be permanently settled in Israel, while the other half will be absorbed by Western nations, including Canada, Germany and Italy. (See – Haaretz, April 4, Israel Reaches Deal with UN) Continue reading

Your Youth Shall See Visions

Parkland HS student speaks out

Our concluding blessing in our most central prayer, the Amidah, is a prayer for peace. This is in accord with our practice in general, to conclude any major series of blessings or prayers with words of peace. The text of the last blessing depends, in our Ashkenazic (European Jewish) custom, on whether the Priestly Blessing is part of the recitation of the communal Amidah. (Other customs include the recitation of this text always, even when the Priestly Blessing is not recited.) So in every morning service, and at many other times, the text of the blessing for peace is an expansion on the elements found in that ancient Biblical prayer:

“May the Eternal bless you and care for you;

May the Eternal shine His Face upon you and be gracious to you;

May the Eternal lift up Her Face to you and grant you peace.” (Num. 6:24-26)

Continue reading

Wrapping It All Up, Part II: “The Good One” is Your Name


As our private meeting with our Creator – also known as the Amidah prayer – winds down and we prepare to leave God’s Presence, we start saying our “thank-you’s.” This is the next-to-last blessing of our string of blessings. We thank God for all God is and for all God does for us.

We begin by addressing God in the usual way: “We acknowledge You, for You are the Eternal, our Almighty Source of Strength as well as the Almighty God of our ancestors, for ever and ever.” But right away we call God by less familiar names: “Rock of Our Lives, Shield of our Salvation – that is You, from generation to generation.” We have moved from established, almost generic theological terms, terms we use in a formulaic way all the time, to more urgent, existential terms that acknowledge our need for God in order for us to simply live and survive. And then we drop all descriptions and address God directly – “that is You.” Continue reading

Wrapping It All Up – Part I

Trebic synagogue detail

We have been standing in prayer before God for some time now. It is time for us to wrap things up.  Concluding a conversation with God can be a difficult task. Do we really want it to end? Or are we itching to finish up? Have we felt embraced in God’s Presence, or have we forced ourselves to mouth empty words?

Because wrapping up can be as hard as starting off, our tradition adopts a structural approach to help us along. It gives us three opening and three closing blessings, and they  are found in every recitation of the traditional Standing Prayer (`Amidah). It is the middle section of blessings that changes with the weekly and yearly calendar. The middle section is very different when recited on weekdays, than on Shabbat or Festivals or on the Days of Awe. But our introductory and concluding blessings remain constant; they are that important. They are that perennially necessary. They are needed to get us going and, after we have done our best, they are needed to help us gracefully bow out of our encounter.

Continue reading

Wildfires, Shabbat and Torah Scrolls

Sifrei Torah (Torah Scrolls)  endangered by fires in California being temporarily housed at Valley Beth Shalom Synagogue in Encino, CA

Sifrei Torah (Torah Scrolls) endangered by fires in California being temporarily housed at Valley Beth Shalom Synagogue in Encino, CA

Rabbi Greenstein sends along an email he received from The Rabbinical assembly concerning the recent fires in California.

A Kavannah (prayerful intention)

As We Light Shabbat Candles
By Rabbi Ari Lucas

לֹא-תְבַעֲרוּ אֵשׁ, בְּכֹל מֹשְׁבֹתֵיכֶם, בְּיוֹם, הַשַּׁבָּת
Let no fire burn in your homes on the Sabbath Day
– Exodus 35:3

Continue reading

The Work is Steady

planting 3

There is an old joke that tells of two Jews meeting and introducing themselves to each other. The small talk gets to questions about what each one does for a living. One of the two offers that he is a wealthy businessman with far flung ventures. His merchandise travels the world. But there are seasonal and market ups and downs and many challenges that continually demand his immediate response, giving him much cause for worry.

“So, what is your profession?” asks the entrepreneur. The second Jew looks down humbly. “Well, I am employed by my village to sit atop a high tower.”

“That’s it?”

“Yes, that’s what I do all day long.”

“What’s the point of that?”

“I am watching for the arrival of the Messiah. As soon as the Messiah will appear on the horizon I will see him approaching and announce the news to the town.”

“And from this you make a living?” asked the skeptical businessman.

“Well,” replied the sentinel, “the pay is not much. But the work is steady.” Continue reading